THE HYDROGEN, AN ENERGY VECTOR; AGIR, 2016

Coperta Gheorghe_Hidrogenul
Technological advancement and a growing world economy during the past few decades have led to major improvements in the living conditions of people in the developed world. The need for a sustainable supply of clean energy is one of the main problems facing the world. In this context the hydrogen economy and sustainable energy are becoming of increasing concern world-wide. The hydrogen economy promises to eliminate all of the problems that the fossil fuel economy creates.
This book wants to be a manifest and examines ways of the hydrogen interaction with our society. The book and was structured 12 chapters. After a short introduction, first chapter disclose some general aspects about hydrogen and hydrogen production. The green hydrogen is covered by chapter number two, where the authors discuses more about sustainable hydrogen. There are treated aspects about CO2 emission, potential of renewable energy in the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Chapter three has intention to clarify what means hydrogen as energy vector and what is hydrogen economy, how it was born and how will change the world. Next two chapters describe the progresses made at international, European and Romanian level regarding hydrogen and fuel cell research, development and innovation. There are indicated concrete examples per countries, how the structure of national programs was built and who main stakeholders in mentioned countries are. Of course there is a special part dedicated to Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Joint Undertaken where is described in short the European hydrogen reality. The aspects from Romania include examples of projects and groups implied in the research and development of hydrogen technologies. A special chapter is dedicated to Romanian National Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell. Through the experience that the authors have achieved along the time, they propose a hydrogen infrastructure in Romania, starting with the geological potential for hydrogen underground storage into salt caverns. That chapter treats many technical aspects regarding hydrogen options for social and economic benefits. The premium market for hydrogen, the mobility is described in chapter 9, authors conducted an interesting comparison and parallel between European situation and Romanian potential. The chapter 10 describes the challenges and trends in the hydrogen research, development and innovation sector. There are indicated some essential elements that any hydrogen stakeholder is good to know. Chapter 11 is dedicated to the future infrastructure, the hydrogen corridors. The hydrogen will be need to be transported from producers to users used a supply-demand mechanism, whether discuss by a centralized or decentralized system. In the last chapter 12, the authors draw several conclusions and they mention that the hydrogen is not a bet; it is an investment for our sustainable future. The book has a long list with bibliographic notes in order to help the readers for future documentations.
The book aims to reveal how complex the implementation of the hydrogen economy. The results of the work undertaken will contribute to accelerating implementation approach of the hydrogen sustainable economy, but there are still a lot of work to be done for the conception of a plausible directions.
Through this book, the authors have proposed to address the issue of implementation of the hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in Romania, starting from the existing infrastructure, confronted with the need to implement new, sustainable and environmentally friendly on long term technologies. The analysis was oriented to the energy and mobility sectors where, in addition to critical exposures, the authors have proposed a series of development scenarios.

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